carpal tunnel

Carpal Tunnel Surgery: A Comprehensive Guide

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a condition that affects millions of people worldwide, causing pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm. When conservative treatments fail to provide relief, carpal tunnel surgery becomes a viable option. This blog delves into everything you need to know about carpal tunnel surgery, from the symptoms and diagnosis to the surgical procedure and recovery.

Understanding Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the palm, becomes compressed at the wrist. The carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway made up of bones and ligaments on the palm side of the hand. Swelling or thickening of irritated tendons or other causes can narrow this tunnel, squeezing the nerve.

carpal tunnel

Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Common symptoms include:

Numbness, tingling, or burning sensations in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers.
Pain or discomfort in the wrist, palm, or forearm.
Weakness in the hand, making it difficult to perform tasks such as gripping objects.

Causes and Risk Factors
Several factors can contribute to the development of CTS, including repetitive hand movements, wrist anatomy, certain health conditions like diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis, and even pregnancy.

Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Accurate diagnosis is essential before considering surgery. Healthcare providers typically use a combination of patient history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as nerve conduction studies or electromyography (EMG).

Consulting with Specialists
It’s crucial to consult with specialists who understand the intricacies of CTS. While orthopedists and neurologists are commonly involved, our dermatologists also play a vital role in identifying and managing skin-related symptoms that may mimic or exacerbate CTS.

Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Non-Surgical Treatments
Before resorting to surgery, several non-surgical treatments are often recommended:

Wrist splinting, especially at night.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Corticosteroid injections.
Physical therapy.

When to Consider Surgery
Surgery is usually considered when:

Symptoms are severe and persistent.
There is significant hand weakness or muscle atrophy.
Non-surgical treatments have failed to provide relief.

Carpal Tunnel Surgery: What to Expect

Types of Carpal Tunnel Surgery
There are two main types of carpal tunnel surgery:

Open Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery: The surgeon makes an incision in the palm of the hand and cuts through the carpal ligament to enlarge the tunnel and relieve pressure on the median nerve.
Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery: A less invasive method where one or two small incisions are made, and a camera (endoscope) is used to guide the surgeon in cutting the ligament.

Preparing for Surgery

Pre-surgery preparation involves:

A thorough medical evaluation.
Stopping certain medications as advised by your doctor.
Arranging for someone to drive you home post-surgery.

The Surgical Procedure
Both open and endoscopic surgeries are typically performed under local anesthesia, meaning you are awake but your hand is numb. The procedure usually takes less than an hour, and you can often go home the same day.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Post-surgery, the recovery process involves:

Keeping the hand elevated to reduce swelling.
Gradually resuming hand movements as tolerated.
Physical therapy to restore strength and flexibility.
Monitoring for any signs of infection or complications.
Most patients experience significant symptom relief within weeks, but full recovery can take several months.

Risks and Complications of Carpal Tunnel Surgery

While carpal tunnel surgery is generally safe, like any surgical procedure, it carries potential risks, including:

Nerve damage.
Stiffness or pain at the surgery site.
Recurrence of symptoms.
It’s important to discuss these risks with your surgeon and follow all post-operative care instructions meticulously.

Life After Carpal Tunnel Surgery

Returning to Normal Activities
Most people can return to light activities within a few days to weeks, depending on the nature of their work and the type of surgery performed. Full recovery, particularly for heavy or repetitive hand use, may take several months.

Long-term Outcomes
Carpal tunnel surgery has a high success rate, with many patients experiencing complete or significant relief of symptoms. However, maintaining hand health through proper ergonomics and avoiding repetitive strain is crucial to prevent recurrence.

Follow-up Care
Regular follow-up appointments with your surgeon are essential to monitor healing and address any concerns promptly. Rehabilitation exercises and potentially consulting with our dermatologists for skin health can further enhance recovery.


Carpal tunnel surgery can provide lasting relief for those suffering from the debilitating effects of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. By understanding the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and the surgical process, patients can make informed decisions about their health and well-being. Always consult with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for your specific condition.


How long does carpal tunnel surgery take?

Carpal tunnel surgery typically takes less than an hour to perform. Open carpal tunnel release surgery might take slightly longer than endoscopic surgery, but both procedures are generally completed quickly.

Will I be awake during the surgery?

Yes, most carpal tunnel surgeries are performed under local anesthesia, meaning you will be awake but your hand will be numb. In some cases, a sedative may be given to help you relax.

How soon can I use my hand after surgery?

You will be encouraged to move your fingers immediately after surgery to prevent stiffness. Light activities can usually be resumed within a few days, but full use of your hand, especially for strenuous tasks, may take several weeks to months.

Is physical therapy necessary after carpal tunnel surgery?

While not always necessary, physical therapy can be highly beneficial for regaining strength and flexibility in your hand and wrist. Your surgeon will advise you based on your individual recovery needs.

Can carpal tunnel syndrome recur after surgery?

While carpal tunnel surgery is highly effective, there is a small risk of recurrence. Adhering to ergonomic practices and avoiding repetitive strain on your hands can help minimize this risk.

What should I avoid doing after carpal tunnel surgery?

After surgery, you should avoid heavy lifting, repetitive hand movements, and activities that put strain on your hand and wrist. Follow your surgeon’s instructions for specific restrictions and gradually reintroduce activities as recommended.